Greece is one of the oldest centers of civilization in Europe. Greece is located around the Mediterranean Sea which is very strategic on shipping. The Greeks were formed from a mixture of immigrants from the Caspian Sea and indigenous people consisting of farmers. Greece is located on the southeastern tip of the European continent. Most of the islands in the Aegean and sea Ionia. The Greeks were formed from a mixture of immigrants from the Caspian Sea and indigenous people consisting of farmers. They formed a group of cities called Polis. The well-known policies are Athens, Sparta and Thebe.
The geographical location of Greece is now the same as the ancient Greece we discussed. Greece is located in the South End of the Balkan Peninsula. In addition to the land, the area also includes islands in the Aegean Sea. Current Greek borders: the north borders Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey, the east is the Aegean Sea, south is the Mediterranean Sea, and the west is the Ionian Sea. Most of the Greek region is mountainous so that between regions are separated from one another. Thirty percent of the area is in the form of low land near the sea and formed by river silt. The remainder is the peninsula, Peloponesos, and Attica. Countless mountains and bays in Greece at that time prevented communication by land.
Separate valleys and lowlands are natural geographical and economic units and separate political units. Political unity is called Polis or City State (City State) whose territory includes the city itself and the surrounding areas. Greek mountainous land is generally infertile. On the mountain slopes, people can grow wheat and wine. To find a fertile area, the farmers (called Colonus) left their country and established colonies around Greece. The Greek colonies are in Southern Italy, Egypt, Palestine and Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). In addition to agricultural activities, the Greek community also developed the economy through shipping and trade activities because of its strategic location in Mediterranean waters.